Malaria, diarrhea and pneumonia have being identified as the three main diseases that are responsible for killing children in their thousand in the country.
The United Nation Children's Fund (UNICEF) Chief of Field Office, Mr. Charles Nzuki said this yesterday at an interactive meeting with media practitioners under the UNICEF 'A' Field Office in Enugu.
Nzuki said that the international agency has recorded progress in the areas of reduction of child mortality which he said is an excellent result towards achieving MDG4 by 2015.
Statistically according to him, the under-five mortality and infant rates are falling drastically, adding that 24 percent of all under-five child deaths occurs in the neonatal period.
He reiterated the focus of the agency in the states of Imo, Anambra, Ebonyi, Rivers, Cross Rivers, Enugu, Bayesa, Benue, and Akwa Ibom which is to strengthen routine immunization for all under 5 children and integrated maternal neonatal child health intervention.
According to him continued partnership between the agency, government and other partners will deliver quick impact intervention to increase the coverage in immunization to reduce the preventable disease among the children in the states covered.
The UNICEF 'A' Field Office regretted that despite all effort on child survival, a huge population of children still remain without access to safe drinking water.Just to put some numbers to this: According to WHO, in 2008 Nigeria saw 1,076,613 deaths in children aged under 5 years. Of those, 201,368 died of diarrhea. Malaria killed 217,357. Pneumonia killed 177,212.