Via Le Jour, a March 21 report: Epidemic hemorrhagic fever in Guinea after 29 deaths, the Health Minister announces new measures. A Google translation of the complete report:
In a statement released Friday, the Minister of Health, the doctor Colonel Remy Lamah, announced new measures taken by his department and the government to stop the spread of the epidemic. This disease has affected four cities including three in the forest region and the capital, Conakry. (Statement)
Conakry, March 21, 2014 - Since February 9, 2014, our country has experienced febrile diseases in some districts of the forest and Guinea Conakry. To date, 49 cases of febrile illnesses, including 29 deaths were reported. Such cases have been recorded in the prefectures of Guéckédou Macenta, Kissidougou and Conakry.
This disease is characterized by a fever, diarrhea, vomiting, fatigue pronounced and sometimes bleeding. Faced with this situation, the Ministry of Health in collaboration with its partners has fielded a mission to rapid investigation to determine the nature of this disease.
Initial results confirm the presence of a responsible hemorrhagic fever virus. This disease has caused a significant number of deaths is mainly transmitted from a sick person to a healthy person and also by contaminated objects belonging to sick or died. Also, the consumption of meat from animals infected bush can it also be a source of contamination.
SITUATION THIS BRINGS THE GOVERNMENT TO MAKE THIS DECLARATION OF VIRAL FEVER EPIDEMIC Hemorrhagic GUINEA.
Consequently, the Ministry of Health taken the following measures:
- Free treatment for all patients in the isolation centers
- Information populations on individual and collective hygiene,
- exclusive Accountability treatment of patients who died of body health personnel and Guinean Red Cross to limit contamination,
- Identification of all persons who have had direct contact with the patients who died and those with the signs mentioned above,
- Dissemination of awareness messages in the media (radio, TV, internet .)
Ladies and gentlemen, the Government in this period of epidemic prompt:
a) Health services:
a. to take all steps to inform medical personnel on preventive measures and treatment of this disease
b. to report any suspected cases recorded in the prevention and fight against the disease Division,
c. to inform patients and their families on hygiene measures individually and collectively,
a. to remain calm because adequate measures are taken to control the disease,
b. to report any suspected cases to the nearest health authorities,
c. practice of individual and collective hygiene are sanitation places, handwashing with soap and chlorine or bleach
The Government expresses its appreciation to partners for their support since the beginning of the epidemic and took the opportunity to rely on the actions they lead to our side for the control and eradication of this disease.
THANK YOU, THE DOCTOR Col. REMY LAMAH
An AFP report in the same newspaper has a few more details, and points out the the death toll on Thursday was 23.
Twenty-nine deaths out of 49 cases is a case fatality rate of 59%. Evidently the minister does not yet have laboratory reports that would tell him what he's fighting. And the disease is now in Conakry, the capital on the coast, as well as in the southeastern towns of Guéckédou, Macenta, and Kissidougou. It sounds as if people have been moving out of Guéckédou and Macenta while carrying the diseases. Wikipedia informs me that the population of Conakry is unknown but estimated at around 2 million.