ECDC has published Monitoring current threats, week 26/2014: ECDC Communicable Disease Threats Report. Click through to download the PDF and use the many links. The summary:
This issue covers the period from 22 to 28 June 2014 and includes updates on:
West Nile virus
In the past week, Bosnia and Herzegovina reported four new cases of West Nile fever (WNF) from Republika Srpska, all WNV IgM positive. As of 26 June 2014, no WNF human cases were reported in the EU.
During the June-November transmission season, ECDC monitors the situation in the EU and neighbouring countries in order to inform blood safety authorities regarding WNF-affected areas.
There is an ongoing outbreak of measles in the Czech Republic that started in a hospital in Usti nad Labem in February 2014. The outbreak in Catalonia that started in January 2014 is declared over.
During 2014, seven EU Member States have reported measles outbreaks. The target year for measles elimination in Europe is 2015.
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus
Since the last CDTR, five additional cases were reported by Saudi Arabia.
Since the beginning of the outbreak in April 2012, 838 cases of MERS-CoV infection have been reported by local health authorities worldwide, including 322 deaths. ECDC published its tenth updated rapid risk assessment on 2 June 2014 and an epidemiological update on 5 June 2014.
Outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa
In the past week, 69 cases were reported from Sierra Leone, and 29 from Liberia. Additional deaths in previously reported cases have also been reported: 13 from Liberia, and six from Guinea.
An outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West Africa has been affecting Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone since December 2013. This is the largest EVD outbreak reported. The risk of infection for travellers is considered very low.
Chikungunya in the Caribbean
Most areas previously involved reported new cases, with a substantial increase of cases in Haiti and the Dominican Republic. El Salvador has declared a national emergency with at least 1200 suspected cases.
Vigilance is recommended for the occurrence of imported cases of chikungunya in tourists returning to the EU from the Caribbean. ECDC published a Rapid Risk Assessment on 27 June 2014.