Via The Globe and Mail: Baby thought to be cured of HIV shows infection signs. Excerpt:
A child in Mississippi who was thought to have been cured of HIV after aggressive drug treatment in infancy is now showing signs of infection with the virus, health officials announced Thursday, a serious setback to hopes for a cure for AIDS.
The report in March, 2013, that the child had apparently been cured touched off excitement among doctors around the world.
During a telephone news conference held by the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Hannah Gay, the pediatrician at the University of Mississippi Medical Center in Jackson who first put the child on large doses of antiretroviral drugs, said the news was “like a punch in the gut.”
Before the “Mississippi baby,” only one other person had been considered cured of infection with HIV. That was an adult, Timothy Brown, previously known as the anonymous “Berlin patient,” who had a transplant of blood stem cells to treat leukemia after his bone marrow was wiped out with drugs and radiation. The stem cells he was given were from a donor with a relatively rare mutation that protects against HIV infection.