Via MMWR: Opioid Use Disorder Documented at Delivery Hospitalization — United States, 1999–2014. The summary:
What is already known about this topic?
National rates of opioid use disorder are increasing among reproductive-aged and pregnant women, and opioid use during pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes.
What is added by this report?
National opioid use disorder rates at delivery more than quadrupled during 1999–2014. Rates significantly increased in all 28 states with 3 years of data. Rate increases in Maine, New Mexico, Vermont, and West Virginia exceeded 2.5 per 1,000 deliveries per year. In 2014, rates ranged from 0.7 (District of Columbia) to 48.6 (Vermont).
What are the implications for public health practice?
National, state, and provider efforts are needed to prevent, monitor, and treat opioid use disorder among reproductive-aged and pregnant women.
See also this Guardian report on the study.