Via ReliefWeb, a report from Agence France-Presse: The plague arrived in the capital Antananarivo. Excerpt from the Google translation:
Endemic in rural Madagascar, the plague has recently appeared in the capital Antananarivo, where the proliferation of rats and fleas carrying the disease concerned.
A young woman died of the disease on November 11 in a slum in the capital, unsafe area where homes are stacked between swamps and rice fields.
Another non-fatal cases were reported in this city of two million inhabitants.
"There is now a risk of rapid development of the disease due to the high population density in the city and the weaknesses of the health system," warns the World Health Organization (WHO) has reported 119 plague cases in the country this year, including 40 deaths.
In the district of Ankasina where lived the young woman of 21, we remain incredulous.
"We lived here since 1975, with the same living conditions, so why it is now that we have the plague?" Asks Bernadette Rasoarimanana, the mother of the victim.
"One has to admit, our neighborhood is really dirty and neglected by the state, invaded by rats, and this long," sighs Rakotojaona Adolphe, a neighbor.
The last case of plague in the capital dates back to ten years, according to Christophe Rogier, the Director General of the Institut Pasteur of Madagascar.
"It is possible that the plague has continued to circulate in Antananarivo for ten years without it human touch," he argues. In contrast, rats that swarm in the slums of the city could continue to be affected by the virus. "Rats are natural reservoirs of plague, there are rats that survive the plague too!"
Another problem, according to WHO: resistance bulleted deltamethrin, an insecticide used to control them.