Via ReliefWeb, an OCHA report: Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 5 (as of 23 April 2017). Excerpt:
• The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate and the possibility of famine in 2017 persists. While the Gu rains have started in parts of Somalia, much of the damage to crops, and livestock has already been done and the humanitarian situation is expected to continue to deteriorate through June. During the April-June Gu planting season, Somalia usually produces most of its food, around 60% of annual cereal output. There is also a possibility of El Nino occurring towards the end of the year.
• Rains have started in Somaliland, western parts of Puntland, Bari and Nugaal regions, while Lower Juba, Lower Shabelle and the coastal areas of Galgaduud and Mudug have remained dry.
• The humanitarian situation in Baidoa continues to be of serious concern and host communities have generously taken in more than 127,000 newly displaced to Baidoa since November 2017. Humanitarian partners are scaling up multi-sectoral assistance to assist internally displaced and host communities in coordination with authorities.
• NGOs and UN agencies continue to massively scale up response and are reaching millions of people with lifesaving food, water, nutritional and health services as well as shelter, non-food items, protection services and livelihood protection throughout the country in coordination with Federal and local authorities. Further scale-up over the coming weeks is critical across all clusters.
• Food Security partners are delivering a combination of lifesaving interventions and emergency livelihood support to rural areas, home to 87% of people in IPC Phase 4 (Emergency). Around 38,000 households are receiving seed vouchers to plant during Gu and cash vouchers for 3 months – i.e. the duration of a planting season. The anticipated production of cereals alone is around 55,000 tonnes by June – enough to feed more than 800,000 people for six months.
• Water and sanitation continue to be among the top priorities but funding levels are not keeping pace with the growing needs. Additional funding is urgently required to sustain the response and further scale up beyond April, when most of the resources for WASH are expected to be exhausted. Furthermore, shelter and non-food items are still significantly underfunded, although the need for emergency shelter and non-food items continues to increase with the new displacements and onset of rains.
• Unprecedented levels of funding for humanitarian action have been contributed for Somalia this year. Donors have moved quickly to generously support scale-up of response and close to US$600 million has been made available or pledged for humanitarian response since January.
6.2m People in need.
2.9m in IPC Phase 3 and 4
599,000 Internally displaced due to drought since November 2016 as of 14 April
127,000 Displaced arrivals in Baidoa since November 2016 as of 14 April
454 New nutrition centres established across Somalia since February
2.0 AWD/cholera case fatality rate as of 16 April (558 deaths to 28,408 cases)
$600m Total humanitarian funding in 2017