ECDC has published Epidemiology of emerging and vector-borne diseases: What are the trends in Europe. Click through to download the PDF. The summary:
The emerging and vector borne disease content for the 2014 Annual Epidemiological Report provides a snapshot of the epidemiological situation in Europe. The report features data from 2012 and gives an overview of the epidemiology of each disease:
• The number of Q fever cases in the EU continues to decrease, small outbreaks are still evident in at risk sheep and goat herds.
• The 2012 data confirms the tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) trends from previous years: a clear predominance in males over 45 year olds, and seasonally - a clear peak during the summer months.
• All chikungunya cases reported in 2012 were imported to the EU/EEA. However, their overall numbers have decreased in recent years.
• While the number of reported dengue fever cases to EU is variable: in 2012 it was nearly twice the number reported in 2011, while still lower than in 2010.
• The rate of malaria cases remains stable over the last few years, with nearly all (99%) of the reported cases imported by travellers to malaria endemic countries; autochthonous transmission of malaria was occasionally reported in Europe over the last 10 years.
• Hantavirus, the most commonly reported haemorrhagic disease in Europe, is particularly prevalent in Northern Europe (Finland), indicators show no real increase in the number of cases in Europe.
• In 2012, the number of human cases of West Nile fever was higher than in 2011 and, with the exception of Greece, the 2013 figures confirm this trend.
New publication format
The Annual Epidemiological Report is a key ECDC publication on the epidemiology of communicable diseases of public health significance in Europe. To facilitate more timely publication of the annual epidemiological data, the report is being first published a disease group at a time and will later be compiled into one comprehensive annual report. Easy access to the epidemiological information is encouraged by making available online downloadable data on the main diseases.
The first chapter of the 2014 epidemiological report, published today, focuses on emerging and vector-borne diseases in Europe and is complemented by downloadable data on malaria, Q fever, tick-borne encephalitis, chikungunya, dengue fever, hantavirus, West Nile fever.