Via Reliefweb, a report from UNICEF: UNICEF Pacific Situation Report #01, as of 14 March 2015 - Vanuatu. Click through to download the PDF. Excerpt from the highlights:
While communications are compromised, initial estimated impact on Port Vila is important, with up to 90% of buildings affected. Pam has destroyed all mobile towers except one in Port Vila resulting in a complete lack of communication between Efate and both north and south.
There is therefore a complete absence of data on the impact of the cyclone on any part except than Port Vila. Weather permitting, the Franz group will activate aerial assessments within the coming days, however the continuing presence of a cat 5 cyclone in the south is likely to delay this further.
UNICEF field office in Port Vila, while affected, is operable, and UNICEF staff on ground, despite being themselves affected are acting on initial response, including securing warehouse, and supporting immediate repairs to the national Immunisation cold room. EPI specialists and consultants in country for planned development activities have been reassigned to emergency roles, including support to Measles vaccination plans.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Pam evolved and intensified into a Category 5 storm which hit Vanuatu including capital of Port Vila on the evening of 13 March, and is considered to be one of the worst natural disasters in the archipelago’s history. It is estimated that many homes in the poor island nation of 264,700 people have been damaged or destroyed as many are built with natural and local materials that are vulnerable to strong winds and floods.
With 13% of people already living below national basic poverty line, and over 80% of the population depending on agriculture for their livelihood, it is expected that most plantations and local gardens will be destroyed, putting the population further at risk of malnutrition.
Schools, churches and community halls, many of which are being used as emergency shelters, as well as other Government-owned buildings have either been destroyed or suffered major structural damage. Lifeline facilities like hospitals, electrical utilities, water supply and telephone systems are compromised or destroyed.
Measles coverage is low and recent outbreaks give significant concern for the displaced, especially in shelter locations with a history of cases. These concerns have been shared with the NDMO and WHO/Health Cluster and UNICEF is assisting in coordinating a suitable Measles vaccination campaign following the cyclone.