ECDC has published Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in Niger does not pose a new reisk for the EU. Click or tap through to download the full rapid risk assessment. Excerpt:
During August and September 2016, 78 human cases including 26 deaths were reported in the district of Tchintabaraden (Tahoua Region) in Niger.
The current Rift Valley fever (RVF) outbreak in Niger does not pose a new risk for the European Union, concludes ECDC risk assessment:
• The outbreak is currently affecting rural areas that are not considered touristic areas. Travellers staying in urban areas or in areas not affected by the RVF outbreak are not at risk of infection. Travellers visiting affected areas are at risk of infection and should avoid contacts with ruminants and use protection against mosquitoes.
• Importation of human cases from Niger cannot be excluded but is unlikely, given the number of cases that have been imported to the EU in previous years - between 2010 and 2015, four cases of RVF were reported in the EU, all imported. The risk of RVF cases being imported into the EU is not new as RVF is endemic in many African countries and in Saudi Arabia, a country to which many EU citizens travel.
• Imports into the EU of live animals and their meat and milk from Niger are prohibited.
• Should the virus be imported, the risk of it spreading among humans within the EU appears to be very low. There is no evidence of direct human-to-human transmission. The risk of transmission to humans through an infected mosquito bite cannot be excluded.