ECDC has published Summary of public health threats, CDTR week 44, 2015. Click or tap through to download the complete report and related rapid risk assessments. Excerpt:
Middle East respiratory syndrome – coronavirus (MERS CoV)
Since 22 October, there have been nine new cases and three deaths reported from Saudi Arabia. The Republic of Korea has reported a case testing positive again for MERS-CoV and a death in another case related to the hospital cluster reported earlier this year.
As of 29 October 2015, 1 635 cases of MERS, including 628 deaths, have been reported by local health authorities worldwide. The source of the virus remains unknown, but the pattern of transmission and virological studies point towards dromedary camels in the Middle East being a reservoir from which humans sporadically become infected. Human-to-human transmission is amplified among household contacts and in healthcare settings.
Ebola virus disease, West Africa
Three confirmed cases were reported from Guinea in the week leading up to 25 October. No new cases have been reported for six consecutive weeks in Sierra Leone. If no new cases are reported, Sierra Leone will be declared Ebola free on 7 November.
An epidemic of Ebola virus disease has been ongoing in West Africa since December 2013, mainly affecting Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Case incidence has remained below 10 cases per week since the end of July 2015 in the last two affected countries (Guinea and Sierra Leone). The risk of spread remains, regionally and globally, until all the countries in West Africa are declared Ebola-free.
Influenza season – 201-2016 season
Forty-two countries reported low influenza activity in week 43.
As is usual for this time of year, intensity of influenza in the European Region is still low. ECDC monitors influenza activity in Europe during the winter season and publishes its report weekly on the Flu News Europe website.