Via ReliefWeb, a report from OCHA: Somalia: Drought Response - Situation Report No. 2 (as of 31 March 2017). The summary:
• Since November 2016, around 444,000 people have been internally displaced in Somalia due to drought. On average, over 8,000 people a day are forced to abandon their homes in search of water and food. Around 81,000 IDPs have arrived in Baidoa since November in search of food and water.
• Depletion of water sources and lack of sanitation facilities have led to a sharp increase in cases of AWD/cholera, in particular in Bay and Bakool regions, with over 1/3 of all cases reported in Mogadishu. Case fatality rates of AWD/cholera at 2.3 per cent and spread of measles are of serious concern.
• Humanitarian partners are scaling up response and reached an estimated 1.9 million people with cash and vouchers in March. Further scale-up is urgently required across all clusters. Priorities include treatment and prevention of AWD/cholera and prevention of measles, improved access to food and safe water, nutritional treatment for malnourished children, protection, shelter and non-food support to newly displaced.
• A Drought Operations Coordination Centre (DOCC) was opened in Garowe on 30 March.
• Donors have moved quickly to support scale-up of response and over US$400 million has been made available for humanitarian assistance since January. Additional resources are urgently required to enable further scale-up.
6.2m People in need. 2.9m in IPC Phase 3-4
444,000 Internally displaced due to drought since November 2016
42% of total displacement since Nov was from 1 to 24 March
1.9m People reached in March with cash and vouchers
18,819 AWD/cholera cases reported as of 27 March
$401m Total humanitarian funding in 2017
The humanitarian situation in Somalia continues to deteriorate at an alarming rate and a sharp rise in displacement due to drought is taking place across the country. An estimated 444,000 people have moved from their homes since November 2016 in search of food and water, mainly from rural to urban areas.
The UNHCR-led Protection and Return Monitoring Network (PRMN) managed by Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) works with 39 partners across Somalia gathering information on the drought-related displacement. The latest data indicates that two-thirds of all those displaced have fled from Mudug, Bay, Shabelle and Sool regions. Nearly half of the people displaced are concentrated in three regions – Banadir, Bay and Mudug. Some 81,000 people have arrived in Baidoa since November. Almost 85,000 people have arrived in Mogadishu, Banadir region since November.
According to WHO, 18,819 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD)/cholera have been reported as of 27 March, with 3,164 new cases and 59 additional deaths reported in the past week. The cumulative Case Fatality Rate since the beginning of the year is at 2.3 per cent, significantly above the emergency threshold of 1 per cent. The Bay region alone accounts now for more than half the total cases in the country (9,705 out of 18,819).
With the upcoming Gu rains projected to start in April, Health and WASH response will be of increasing demand, especially in areas with newly displaced. Shelter support and non-food items is increasingly critical to prevent further vulnerability as affected people are forced to sleep out in the open. The Gu rains may lead to localized flooding and further AWD/cholera and measles, malaria, respiratory infections, especially among children, and other water-related diseases.