ECDC has published Rapid risk assessment: Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis - multi-country cluster, Romania, 19 October 2016. Click or tap through to download the RRA. The abstract:
Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) is defined as tuberculosis (TB) caused by a strain resistant to rifampicin and isoniazid, fluoroquinolone or any of the second-line injectable drugs.
A cluster involving four cases of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) has been detected in three students in Romania. A contact case has also been diagnosed. Two of the cases are UK residents who attended university in Romania as students and were diagnosed in October 2015 and September 2016.
Contact tracing has identified 87 contacts who had exposure, putting them at risk of developing XDR TB disease. It will therefore be important to follow up with all contacts to identify and treat active cases and to provide preventive treatment or monitoring for those diagnosed.