Here's another excerpt from the WHO news release: Life expectancy increased by 5 years since 2000, but health inequalities persist.
The “World Health Statistics 2016” provides a comprehensive overview of the latest annual data in relation to the health-related targets in the SDGs, illustrating the scale of the challenge. Every year:
• 303 000 women die due to complications of pregnancy and childbirth;
• 5.9 million children die before their fifth birthday;
• 2 million people are newly infected with HIV, and there are 9.6 million new TB cases and 214 million malaria cases;
• 1.7 billion people need treatment for neglected tropical diseases;
• more than 10 million people die before the age of 70 due to cardiovascular diseases and cancer;
• 800 000 people commit suicide;
• 1.25 million people die from road traffic injuries;
• 4.3 million people die due to air pollution caused by cooking fuels;
• 3 million people die due to outdoor pollution; and
• 475 000 people are murdered, 80% of them men.
Addressing those challenges will not be achieved without tackling the risk factors that contribute to disease. Around the world today:
• 1.1 billion people smoke tobacco;
• 156 million children under 5 are stunted, and 42 million children under 5 are overweight;
• 1.8 billion people drink contaminated water, and
• 946 million people defecate in the open; and
• 3.1 billion people rely primarily on polluting fuels for cooking.